What is Gum Disease?
Gum disease or Periodontal is an inflammatory condition affecting to the tissue around the teeth. It can affect one tooth or many teeth. Periodontal diseases, including gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is the mildest from of periodontal (gum) disease, is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene, what leads to plaque (the sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth) build up. Bacteria in plaque around the teeth release enzymes [collagenase] that can damage and erode the gum tissues. People with gingivitis usually experience little or on discomfort. The gums are red , swollen or bleed easily.
If untreated gingivitis, the tissue and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed, called periodontitis. In periodontitis , gums separate from the teeth, forming spaces between the teeth and gums [called periodontal pockets] that become infected.
As the infection progresses, the bone and surrounding tissue are destroyed. In some cased, the roots of the tooth may become exposed, it may cause tooth sensitivity. Furthermore, pus may be produced, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed.
Sing of periodontal Disease
- Gum swelling or tender
- Redness or bleeding gums during brushing
- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
- Gingival recession , resulting in apparent lengthening of teeth ( may also becaused by heavy tooth brushing or used stiff tooth brush )
- Halitosis or bad breath
- Pus between the teeth and gums
- A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- Loose teeth , in the later stages
The main cause of periodontal disease is bacteria plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth, due to improper dental hygiene. However , other facters that may contribute to gingivitis or periodontitis include , diabetes , smoking , aging , genetic , systemic disease and conditions , stress , poor nutrition , puberty , hormonal fluctuations , pregnancy , substance abuse , HIV infection , and certain medication use.
Prevention and treatment of periodontal disease
To keep your teeth, you must remove the plaque from your teeth and gums every day with proper brushing and flossing. A professional cleaning at least twice a year is necessary to remove calculus from area that your toothbrush and floss may have missed.
If your periodontist found that the disease is progressed, scaling and root planning (cleaning of the root surfaces to remove plaque and calculus [tartar] from deep periodontal pockets and to smooth the root surface to remove bacterial toxins) will be taken. In some cases, after scaling and root planning, they do not require any further treatment but will require ongoing maintenance therapy to sustain oral health. The prevention and treatment of gingivitis reduces the risk of development of periodontitis. However, if your periodontist determines that the tissues around your teeth is unhealthy and cannot be repaired with scaling and root planning, periodontal surgery will be taken .
Periodontal surgery maybe indicate to restore periodontal anatomy damaged be discases , to eliminate existing bacteria and regenerating bone and tissues helps to reduce pocket depth , and to facilitate oral hygiene practices.
In additional to procedures to treat periodontal disease, the peridontist offers cosmetic procedures to enhance your smile. Because your teeth appear short, They are covered with too mush gum tissues [called gummy smile] , to correct this condition , your periodontist performs “crown lengthening”. Perhaps your tooth is decayed, broken below the gum line, or has insufficient tooth structure for a restoration, “crown lengthening” adjusts the gum and bone level to expose more of the tooth so it can be restored.
Dental care products
To find out what is best for your particular needs, talk to your periodontist. Begin with the right equipment – a soft bristled toothbrush that allow you to brush every surface of each tooth and dental floss to clean between the teeth . Another aid is inter proximal toothbrushes ( tiny brushes that clean plaque between teeth ) , if used improperly , it can injure your gums, so it is important to discuss proper use with your periodontist.