What is Orthodontics?
Orthodontics –is a specialty of dentistry that is concerned with the study and treatment of malocclusions and focuses on the development, prevention, and Corrections of irregularities of the teeth, bite, and jaws. Orthodontic treatment improve your smile is the most striking part of your face
Orthodontic treatment will make your fabulous smile will last for the rest of how a fabulous smile will improve you treatment will also make your face look beautiful and feel wonderful.
The following Problems maybe helped with proper orthodontic treatment.
- Misaligned tooth, crooked, or crowed teeth.
- Missing teeth
- Extra teeth
- An overbite
- An underbite
- Misaligned or incorrect jaw position
- A disorder of the joint
- Unhappy with appearance of teeth
- Hereditary- you may inherit your mother’s small jaw, and your father’s large teeth; if this is the case , your teeth would be too large to fit your jaw.
- Trauma- if you loose tooth due to an accident, then the teeth may start to drift into the empty space.
- Disease- you can lose a tooth due to cavities or gum disease; this often leaves a space which other teeth drift towards.
- Malnutrition- nutritional deficiencies can alter the growth of the jaws and teeth.
- Habits- thumb –sucking can shift the teeth out of alignment.
Why Treat Malocclusion?
Orthodontics is not only used to improve your appearance.
* Malocclusion or misaligned teeth can have long term effects, such as:
- Interference with normal growth and development of the jaws.
- Abnormal swallowing patterns
- Abnormal facial muscle function
- Impairement of chewing
- Susceptibility to cavities due to the difficulty of removing plaque from crooked teeth
Types of Braces
- Brackets, metal or plastic, clear or tooth-colored,
- Lingual-type brackets that attach to the back of teeth from view
- Bands that cover most of the teeth with metal band around the teeth.
Oral health care and braces
The following recommendations will help to eliminate, any oral health problems while your teeth are in braces.
- Brush your teeth carefully after every meal with fluoride toothpaste and soft-bristled tooth brush, as food be easily lodged in the braces.
- Floss daily between the teeth and the braces.
- Maintain every 6 month cleanings by an oral health professional.
- Limit your sugar and starch intake, as debris left be these types of foods may turn into damaging acids, addition to promoting plaque formation, may also be to teeth and gums.
- Avoid hard and /or sticky snacks that may be difficult from the orthodontic equipment in your mouth. This foods such as popcorn, hard or chew candy, caramel, nuts.
Orthodontic Emergencies and Problems
Trauma to tooth-tooth came out
- If a tooth has been knocked out, do not clean off the tooth.
- Call your orthodontist or your dentist immediately to inform them of what has happened,
- Do not rinse the tooth in water. If possible, put tooth back in socket where tooth was hold in place with gauze or washcloth. If notpossible to replace the tooth in its socket, put the tooth into cup of milk or saline solution. Do not put the tooth in plain water.
- Do not let the tooth dry out.A tooth can often be saved if cared for properly and reimplanted within an hour.
- clean the injured area and apply an ice pack to the affected soft tissue area
- call your dentist right away.
Piece of the orthodontic Appliance is swallowed or aspirated
If there is no coughing or difficulty in breathing, and you suspect the piece has been swallowed, call the patient’s orthodontist for advice and instructions.The patient should be taken to an urgent care facility for an x-ray to determine the location of the piece in case unable to see the piece and believe it may be have aspirated.
Patient who have mouth sores during orthodontic treatment may gain relief by applying a small amount of topical anesthetic.
- It’s normal to have discomfort for three to five days after braces or retainers are adjusted
- Take Pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, may be effective.
- Rinse the mouth with warm salt water.
Irritation of lips or cheeks
New braces can be irritating to the mouth. A small amount of orthodontic wax makes an excellent buffer between the braces and lips, cheeks or tongue. If the wax is accidentally swallowed it’s not a problem. The wax is harmless.
The Arch wire is poking
Call your orthodontist to schedule an appointment and have that clipped.
What if the lip gets caught on a brace?
Call your orthodontist immediately
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
When should I begin treatment?
Orthodontist recommends that all children get a check-up with orthodontist no later than age seven. In order to check minor problems and need to be corrected at early age, an early exam allows the orthodontist to offer advice and guidance as to when the appropriate age to start treatment would be?
How long will my treatment take?
The length of treatment varies depending on the complexity of the orthodontic Problems that requires correction, growth and tissue response to treatment as well as the level of patient cooperation, during their treatment.
Are they left in mouth or can they be removed?
- There are two types of orthodontic appliances: Fixed, which are worn all the time and can only be removed by dentist, and removable, which the patient can take out of the mouth.
- Depending on your choice and dentist selection
How about adults
Children aren’t the only ones who can benefit from orthodontics. If you’re an adult, it’s not too late too correct problems such as crooked or crowded teeth.
Can I play sports with while wearing braces?
A protective mouth guard is recommended for sports and other activities that may result in injury to the mouth or jaw.
What causes crooked teeth?
crowded teeth , premature loss of the primary teeth ( baby teeth), tongue thrusting,thumb sucking, and caused by enlarge adenoids or tonsils can all contribute to poor alignment teeth